Cybersecurity In The Age Of Generative Intelligence & GPTs

In this keynote speech, Manish Shankar Sharma, IPS officer and Additional DG of Police, spoke about the developments in the Generative AI ecosystem, the challenges involved and how private security entities play an equal role in maintaining the cybersecurity of a national like ours.

Manish S. Sharma, IPS started his speech by mentioning to the audience that no tech in itself is dangerous or risky or good- and that it is the person who is using the technology. According to him, all kinds of security is successful when the P-P partnership is good. Private sector plays a very important role in security, just like the public security system.

He cited an example from 2008. He had received a request from NSG to set up hubs in major airports of the country who could react to any emergency situations. There would have been loss from the revenue on the land for setting this up. He had then justified how this revenue loss could be offset. The  economic viability was an issue. However, 3 months later Mumbai Blasts happened- and more than 100 people suffered losses. The plan got finally sanctioned.

He speaks about the following challenges:

1. Organisations, companies and the Government relying on tech more

2. Rise of cybercrime

Sharma believes that we are privileged to see a transformational technology coming. Usually it comes in 15-20 years. The computer itself was a transformation technology that changed the world. Then internet came in. Internet changed everything. After 15 to 20 years, we got smartphones. We are fortunate to live in an age where so many transformational technology is there together.

Sharma says that GI is a step ahead than AI. AI recognises patterns from a huge set of data. GI also capable of creating additional data and creating patterns from them. He also speaks about digitalisation of public interface in India.

AI and GPTs have evolved over an exponential rate. GPT 4 got  launched. Iterations, automatising and increasing capacity of the GPT is the order of the day. Bard also got introduced.

Sharma finally spoke about the necessity in identifying potential threats before they become actions and that’s where GI is playing a role. The Indian agencies and other agencies in U.S. like NIA are interpreting language models. Every state has cyber cell headed by Senior officers, Government and private government. Jharkhand, Andhra, Telangana are cyber threat hubs in India.

Anonymity is a great enabler, according to Sharma. There has been a huge development in the GPTs as well. While GPT-3 had 175 billion parameters, while the newly developed GPT-4 has 170 trillion parameters. This is the beginning of the modern General Artificial Intelligence age. Global average of people who fear AI will take over humans is 27 percent.

He concluded by saying that Private Security Industry is important as well. GPTs cannot identify motive of the user and hence cannot always determine the cyber threats. Data coming up can be misused in this manner. AI or GI is exciting and scary according to the user.

GPT has a submodel- Auto GPT, where tasks will be done on its own. One needs to specify their own goals and the task will be done automatically. At one point in time, Computers have been there where they defeated humans in chess, now they can do much all. So, AI and GI on one hand and Artificial General Intelligence in the other hand are equally potent tools.

Private Sector shall play a very important role and the industry has been playing a very important role in India.  Airport Security is one area where a part has been handled by private entities. Private Security Officers working with Blackwater representing US in UN Peacekeeping Missions. The best brains need to come to security. Identifying and managing risks is important, according to Sharma and thus collaborations across borders is very important. Dynamic and democratic methods in dealing with security is must, to be able to handle the changing terrains.

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